Since 1994


The Center for Consciousness Studies (CCS) at the University of Arizona was established in 1997 by the  Arizona Board of Regents. CCS is hosted by the Department of Anesthesiology at the University of Arizona College of Medicine.


The Science of Consciousness, formerly known as "Toward a Science of Consciousness", is the largest and longest-running interdisciplinary conference emphasizing broad and rigorous approaches to the study of conscious awareness probing fundamental questions related to conscious experience. Topical areas include neuroscience, philosophy, psychology, biology, quantum physics, meditation and altered states, machine consciousness, culture and experiential phenomenology and contemplative approaches. Toward a Science of Consciousness (TSC) is presented by the Center for Consciousness Studies (CCS) at the University of Arizona, and alternates yearly between Tucson, Ariz. (even-numbered years, from 1994 including 1999 Quantum Mind in Flagstaff and 2003 Quantum Mind in Tucson and various locations around the world (odd-numbered years) in cooperation with partner organizations and institutions.  


The Tucson Conference

The Biennial Tucson Conference TSC-Toward a Science of Consciousness Held annually since 1994, the conference is organized by the Center for Consciousness Studies at the University of Arizona, and alternates yearly between Tucson, Arizona and various locations around the world.  An estimated 700-800 scientists, philosophers, psychologists, experientialists, artists and students from over 60+ countries are due to take part.


Alternate Annual Overseas - The Science of Consciousness

An annual TSC is held overseas in cooperation with partner organizations and institutions - cities included: Agra, Stockholm, Hong Kong, Salzburg, Budapest, Tokyo, Naples, Elsinore. with upcoming plans for Helsinki


By year:

1995 Ischia, Italy; 

1997, Elsinore, Denmark;

1999, Tokyo, Japan;

2001, Skovde, Sweden;

2003,  Prague, Czech Republic;

2005, Copenhagen, Denmark;

2007 Vienna, Austria;

2007, Budapest, Hungary;

2009, Hong Kong, China;

2011, Stockholm, Sweden;

2013, Agra, India;

2015, Helsinki, Finland  

HELSINKI  June 9-13, 2015

at the University of Helsinki, Finland,


2016 Tucson Apr 25-30, 2016

2016 details to follow

July 15, 2015: Call for Pre-Con Workshop Proposals via email   guidelines

July 25, 2015: Online Abstract System - Link Opens guidelines  2016 TAXONOMY - updating

July 25, 2015: Hotel Reservations - Link Opens for Registrants 



2016  Plenary Speakers - updating

  • György Buzsáki, NYU Neuroscience Institute, New York    
  • Stanislas Dehaene, INSERM-CEA, Paris
  • Stuart Kaufmann, University of Calgary, Alberta 
  • Anil K. Seth, University of Sussex, Brighton
  • Aaron Schurger, École Polytechnique Fédérale, Lausanne 
  • Wolf Singer, Max Planck Institute for Brain Research, Frankfurt
  • Biyu Jade He, NIH/NINDS, Bethesda
  • Anthony Hudetz, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee
  • Jimo Borjigin, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
  • David Chalmers, Australian National University; New York University
  • Katherine T. Peil, Northeastern University, Boston
  • Rudolph Tanzi, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General, Boston
  • Deepak Chopra, Chopra Center for Wellbeing, Carlsbad
  • Alison Gopnik, University of California, Berkeley
  • Patricia Churchland, University of California, San Diego
  • Anirban Bandyopadhyay, National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba
  • Alyssa Ney, University of California, Davis

2016 Conference Topics - updating

  • Moving from Correlates to Causes of Consciousness
  • Machine Consciousness and Artificial Intelligence
  • Transcranial Brain Stimulation
  • Origin and Evolution of Life and Consciousness
  • Quantum Brain Biology
  • Predictive Coding and Global Workspace
  • Levels and Content of Consciousness
  • Mechanisms of Anesthesia and Psychoactive Drugs
  • Brain Mapping Update
  • Panpsychism
  • Virtual Reality


2016 Sponsorship:

Sponsorship Opportunities available.  Early Fall Deadline.

Contact Abi Behar Montefiore   - 


2016 Co-chairs:

Stuart Hameroff,  Univ. of Arizona, Banner University Medical Center, Center for Consciousness Studies, Tucson

George Mashour, University of Michigan Medical School, Center for Consciousness Science, Ann Arbor


2016 Press /Information

Abi Behar Montefiore, Center for Consciousness Studies, UA Tucson

Conference Director 

cell/text      520-247-5785



From the archives of the Toward a Science of Consciousness Conference

Sir Roger Penrose; Stuart Hameroff MD



Prof. David Chalmers; Sir Roger Penrose                             Professors Francis Crick and Christof Koch





attn: Abi Behar Montefiore, Assistant Director

Stuart Hameroff, Co-Founder/Director


*illustration by D. Cantrell BioMed, AHSC, UMC, University of Arizona